Interesting citrus plant: dragon fruit or pita

dragon or pita fruit

Dragon fruit or Pitta is a tropical fruit that has become increasingly popular in recent years. Although people enjoy it mainly because of its unique appearance and taste, research shows that it can also benefit health.
Or have you tried fruit in stores, just because it's an interesting look - like Pitta?
In this article, we will look at what a dragon's fruit is, including its diet, benefits and how to eat it. 

What is the difference between "Dragon fruit" and "Pitaya"?

Let's start with the fact that the dragon's fruit or pita is the same thing. Other times they look different, so the question may arise as to whether this fruit is the same. But there is a very simple explanation for why this fruit has two names. 

The name "pitaya" or "pitahaya" is a Latin American word. Its homeland is Central America (dated to the 13th century). Later, this fruit spread in Vietnam. The Vietnamese name "thang loy" is translated into English as "dragon fruit". In Israel, where the fruit is grown commercially and imported into the United States, growers like to call it "pitaya" or "pitahaya", while Vietnamese growers refer to it as "pitaya".dragon fruit".
Well and in Latvian, we use other times pita or dragon fruit, from these above word translations.

So, whether it is called pita, pitahaya or dragon fruit, it is the same fruit.

Hopefully, after this article, will go to the store to taste it! Bon appetite!

Dragon fruit or Pitaya

It is a beautiful and exotic fruit that has many health benefits. Great for skin, cardiovascular system, lower cholesterol, lower blood sugar, helping with stomach ailments and helping to control weight.

The fruit of the dragon has a red or yellow skin with a purple or white inside, but always has the beginning of the cover leaves, similar to artichokes. The taste is mildly sharp and sweet, sometimes sour. It is somewhat reminiscent of here seeds or kiwi.

Facts about pitayas

  • It grows on a cactus that blooms overnight in one fruit cycle.
  • Pita is pollinated by nocturnal creatures such as moths and bats.
  • Pitae tastes best when eaten chilled - frozen. 
  • By combining pita with cucumber juice and honey, you can create a beer that can soothe the skin.
  • Pita flower buds are edible.
  • Dragon fruit is a tropical fruit native to Mexico and Central America. The taste is like a combination of kiwi and pear.
  • There are varieties of pita that differ in color.

Pita nutrition

  • The fruit has 53 calories per 100 g, and it is rich in antioxidants.
  • Pita seeds contain protein, as well as omega 3 un 6 fatty acids.
  • It is rich in protein, fiber, lycopene un carbohydrates.
  • Eating too much red pita can cause pseudohematuria, which can make the urine red. 
  • Red pita contains lycopene, the same antioxidant found in tomatoes.
  • Vitamin Cwhich helps to improve immunity.
  • Iron, located in pita, is great for raising hemoglobin levels in people with anemia. It also helps in the production of red blood cells (RBCs), which then help to properly supply oxygen to important organs.
  • Outsideantioxidants rich pita helps detoxify by flushing out metal debris and toxins from the body.
  • Regular use of pita is associated with a drop in blood sugar, which is great for people with type 2 diabetes.
  • High calcium content pitta keeps bones healthy and improves bone mineral density.
  • Pitaja ir good for pregnant womenbecause it is rich in iron, B vitamins and folates.
pita cut in half and standing on a plate.
Sliced ​​pita fruit

How to choose the best pita?

To choose a ripe pita, look for a bright, even color. Hold the pita in the palm of your hand and try to squeeze the skin slightly with your thumb or fingers, it should not be too soft or too soft. If it is very firm, it will take a few days to mature.

Pita storage

Do not cut pita until you are ready to eat them. Once cut, it should be kept in a tightly closed container. This fruit can pick up the taste and smell of other foods, so protection is needed. It can stay fresh for a day, probably a little longer, depending on how ripe it is. When the flesh starts to turn brown and soft, it's time to throw it out.
To store it for longer, place the fruit in a sealed container and store it in the refrigerator.

How to cut pitita easier?

Cut the pita in half like any other fruit. And remove the outdoor flesh, like kiwi or avocado. 

Enjoy this interesting fruit as it is, or add it to any dish: salad, fruit salsa, smoothie, juice or cocktails.