An apple is a better source of energy than coffee, so if coffee doesn't go to your heart, now you know what you need to eat to get energy for the whole day.
An apple is a fruit that has been not only a food product since ancient times, but also a symbol of love and beauty.
In summer, approach the apples in your grandmother's garden and rip off the freshly ripe apples - bite, feel their sweet, juicy taste. This is another magic that summer and warm weather give us. All you have to do is enjoy and enjoy again.
Grab an apple, and while reading this article, enjoy it! Bon appetite!
Millions of people saw the apples fall, but Newton was the first to ask why.Bernards Baruks
In this article, let’s look at what an apple is; what health benefits it provides and, of course, recipes and interesting facts.
Apples are juicy multi-seeded fruits harvested from apples, especially garden apples. Formed from a flower with a lower seedling, which is overgrown with a cup-shaped flower bed and other parts of the flower. Matures differentiate. The apple is formed from the orchard.
Breeders have developed more than 7500 apple varieties, of which about 50 are economically important. Apple varieties are grouped into summer apples, autumn apples and winter apples.
History of apples
The ancestor of the modern apple is a species of fruit tree with the scientific name Malus sieversii, which is native to the Tien Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in Central Asia. The fruits of these wild apples were seen in the region's cultures and cuisines.
During thousands of years of cultivation and cross-pollination with secondary genetic factors, it was gradually transformed into the Malus domestica species, which represents most of the apple varieties we see on commercial farms and in grocery stores.
However, even the genetic diversity of Malus domestica is enormous - its genome was first sequenced in 2010 and found to contain about 57 unique genes. In other words, it is the most diverse plant genome ever studied, with about 000 more unique genes than in the human genome.
Until the first millennium AD, Tian Shan apples were one of the most significant mercantile discoveries discovered by travelers to the region west of the Silk Road. Gradually, both the apples and the trees themselves spread throughout Western Europe, and in the early 1700s European colonists brought apples to America.
Apples in mythology
Apples are mentioned in mythologies and religions. They are directly related to the theme of fertility, beauty, love and the forbidden fruit.
The name "apple" originally referred to many alien fruits, not just apples in the modern sense, so it is impossible to know for sure whether an apple in the legend is an apple, a pear or a peach.
For example, in ancient Greece, the apple was associated with Aphrodite, and the abandonment of the apple was a symbolic confession of love to someone, while its capture or acceptance was a confirmation of love.
The apple is also mentioned in the Bible. It is believed that the basis could be a different translation of a Latin word - namely the word mālum (apple) and mălum (evil) are both spelled the same - malum. The tree of the forbidden fruit, on the other hand, is called the "tree of evil and good," and in Latin, "evil and good" is bonum et malum.
Later, Renaissance artists, inspired by Greek mythology and Hesperid's golden apples, only strengthened the apple as a symbol of immortality, knowledge, temptation, sin and sin as such, by painting it in their depictions of the Garden of Eden. Interestingly, the Adam's apple in his neck also got its symbolic name in honor of Adam's bite of an apple bite.
Early summer varieties:
- Red Sugar
- White Clear
- Red Sugar
Slightly later summer varieties:
- Zarja Alatau
- In Belarus Sladka
- Zarja Alatau
Health benefits of apples
To get all the valuable substances in apples, you need to eat at least 1 apple a day.
Apple contains more than 50 vitamins, minerals, amino acids and fruit acids:
- Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C.
- Calcium, iron, magnesium.
- A good source of soluble and insoluble fibers.
- Contains polyphenols, which include flavonols (especially quercetin, but also kaempferol and myricetin), catechins (especially epicatechins), anthocyanins (if apples have red peel), chlorogenic acid, florididine, and dozens of other health-promoting polyphenols.
- Delicious and crunchy apple fruit stands out with an impressive list of phyto nutrients and antioxidants.
- The nutrients in apples are found in excess in the skin, which is the most valuable part of the fruit in terms of its nutrients.
- The substances in apples lower blood cholesterol, regulate blood pressure and improve heart rate.
- Apples increase immunity. Apples contain phytoncides, so it is recommended to use them both as a prophylactic to prevent disease and as a remedy for various diseases.
- Apples reduce appetite, so they are often recommended in several diets.
- Eating an apple every day can prevent breast cancer.
- Apples improve the functioning of the liver and intestinal tract. They contain a lot of fiber, which slows down the elimination of sugars from the body, thus helping to maintain a stable blood sugar level;
- Apples and apple juice are the best source of the mineral boron, which promotes bone growth processes;
- An apple is often referred to as a natural toothbrush, and not without reason. The more intense the chewing and chewing process, the healthier the gums. Frequent biting of fruit in childhood will help to form a proper bite;
- Apples help the body to cleanse itself of various contaminants and improve the appearance of the skin.
- Apples delay the problems associated with the aging process - the formation of wrinkles and stimulate the hair growth.
Interesting facts about apples
- Apples are a member of the plant rose family, which also includes pears, peaches, cherries and plums.
- The hobby of former US President George Washington is pruning apples.
- John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth in space, took apple puree with him.
- Apples fly because they contain 25% air.
- China, the United States, Turkey, Poland and Italy grow the most apples in the world.
- Most of the world's apples are still picked by hand.
- The science of growing apples is called pomology.
Apples are used in various products, such as beverages - apple juice, wine and cider. They are also used in cooking to make, for example, apple pies, cakes, candies, ice cream and other dishes.
- Apple pie
- Apple soup
- Quick apple jam
- Mix of pork, potatoes, apples and leeks
- Mushroom salad with apples
- Roast pork with apples and cabbage
- Kefir apple pie
- A simple apple cake
- Apple Martini
- Quick apple pie
- Apple and cottage cheese casserole